Martynenko I. Linguo-ethnographic Portrait of Paraguay Through the Prism of Hispanic Toponymy

Kutafin Moscow State Law University
Moscow, Russian Federation
ORCID: 0000-0002-9798-3378


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ABSTRACT. The article undertakes an ethnographic study of Paraguay from the point of view of the Hispanic toponymy of this state. The author shows that cultural and everyday features, as well as distinctive traits of the material and spiritual culture of the ethnic groups inhabiting the region, are captured in toponymy. The relevance of the work is due to the insufficient development of the topic today and the need for a comprehensive description and study of historical, cultural, lingua-cultural, and toponymic traditions and ways of forming a polystrate (multilayer) Paraguayan toponymicon. Materials and tools for the research included country maps and electronic systems such as GoogleMaps and GeoNames. The author argues that Hispanic geographic names make up the most significant percentage compared to autochthonous toponyms and hybrid toponyms of the region. As a result of the study, the Hispanic toponymic layer was divided into groups, most of which were religious and military units. The author undertook the lingua-pragmatic analysis of each of the groups identifying not only Spanish-Guarani hybrids but also Spanish-English, Spanish-Portuguese, Spanish-German, and multilingual. The study demonstrates that Paraguay is an original area of distribution and functioning of the Hispanic toponymic vocabulary. Historical and cultural events that took place on the territory of Paraguay from pre-Columbian times to the present day were reflected in the toponymy of the state, capturing the emotional experiences of the first Spanish settlers, the echoes of wars, the beauty of the local nature and the names of prominent personalities, which as a whole gives an idea of the national identity of the Paraguayans.


KEYWORDS: toponymy, toponym, place name, Paraguay, Spanish, Hispanic, guarani


DOI 10.31250/2618-8600-2022-2(16)-167-190
УДК 81`373.21(892)



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