Davydov V., Davydova E. Infrastructure Development Projects in Chukotka: The Use of Resources by the Dwellers of the National Villages

V. Davydov
Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera)
Russian Academy of Sciences,
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
ORCID: 0000-0003-2738-4609
E-mail: davydov.kunstkamera@gmail.com

E. Davydova
Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera)
Russian Academy of Sciences
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
ORCID: 0000-0002-9299-7551
E-mail: elenav0202@gmail.com

  

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ABSTRACT. The article is based on the results of a six-month field study conducted by the authors in the Iul’tinskii raion of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug from 2017 to 2019. This paper analyzes the role of infrastructure in the practices of obtaining and redistributing resources by local people. The text shows the key role of the transport infrastructure in the implementation of the projects’ “cascade”. The authors conclude that the important prerequisite for the maintenance of the everyday practices in the remote villages is a synergetic effect that occurs as a result of combining a series of projects, as well as “complementing” the unfinished projects by the efforts of the local community in order to expand its potential capabilities. They pay a special attention to the multitasking actions of local people, which allow saving energy within movements, technological processing of materials, construction and repair of things. The article also examines the practices of the secondary use of available resources, within the framework of which the creative transformation of material objects takes place. In this way, the dwellers of the national villages in Chukotka, including nomadic reindeer herders, solve their own problems of supply shortages, maintain their food security, and search for new resources. The described in the article strategies for the use of the infrastructure allow local people to establish a system of resources’ circulation, which helps to maintain a relative energy autonomy of the remote from the distribution centers settlements. Implemented in the region infrastructure development projects do not only change the perception of the landscape by local people, but also, affecting the ideas about space, distance, food quality and images of the represented for tourists Chukchi national culture, stimulate the members of the local community to develop new strategies of resources’ acquisition.

 

KEYWORDS: Arctic, Chukotka, infrastructure, mobility, resources, supply, autonomy, remoteness, energy consumption regimes

 

DOI 10.31250/2618-8600-2021-1(11)-25-49
УДК 397.4 (571.511)

 

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