Khokholkova N. E. African Digital Diaspora
N. Khokholkova - Institute for African Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow, Russian Federation
ABSTRACT. At the turn of the twenty first century, the global digital revolution entered a new stage. In its course, specific data, datasets, and means of information transmission, as well as entire sociocultural systems began to transform. With the development of information and communication technologies, many new phenomena emerged, including network society, virtual identity, and cyber culture. One of them is digital diaspora, a voluntary community organized on the Internet by immigrants and their descendants. The article is devoted to the concept of African digital diaspora. Despite its frequent mentions on the Internet, this concept has rarely been addressed by researchers. The author focuses on the essence of the category “African diaspora” and its transition to the digital field. The article endeavors to analyze the meaning of the term and its scope. Particular attention is paid to the differentiation of the communities created by the representatives of the Old and New African diasporas. The author argues that the African digital diaspora, developing in the field of global ideas and macro-narratives, is not a formal network of migrants from the continent but rather a complex, imaginary, fragmented, and transcontinental conglomeration of communities. This conglomeration consists of many groups, subdivided into types according to the priority identity of their organizers and members (ethnic, national, transnational, etc.) and explicitly or implicitly related to each other.
KEYWORDS: Africa, digital diaspora, ITC, virtual identity, transnational community
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