Smirnova T. B. The Omsk school of ethnography
Tatiana B. SMIRNOVA — Doctor of Historical Sciences, Vicerector for academic affairs, Dostoevsky Omsk State University (Russia, Omsk)
ABSTRACT. The article is devoted to the history of ethnography in Omsk. The frameworks of ethnographic studies were established by the Russian Geographi cal society in 1877, when its WestSiberian branch was organized. It carried out hun dreds of expeditions across Siberia and Altai, Central Asia, Mongolia, Tibet and Chi na. A new chapter of Omsk ethnography began with the foundation of the Omsk State University in 1974. N. A. Tomilov who started to work at the Omsk State University in 1974 is the founder and the head of the Omsk school of ethnography. The De partment of ethnography was established in 1985, which is now called the Depart ment of ethnology, anthropology, archaeology and museology. Throughout school’s existence, more than fifty Candidate’s dissertations and three Doctoral dissertations were defended. Besides the Department, there are two centers of ethnographic stud ies in Omsk. One of them is the Omsk laboratory of archaeology, ethnography and museology att he Research Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, the Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The second one is the Siberian branch of the Russian Research Institute of Cultural and Natural Heritage named after D. S. Likhachev. Omsk ethnographers nowadays conduct researches in the following fields of study: ethnographic museology, the history of ethnographic studies in Siberia, the monitoring of ethnopolitical situation, ethnographic research of strategies of Sibe rian land use planning and management, studies of sociocultural processes in ancient times and modern age, culture and cultural heritage of peoples of Siberia. Over a pe riod of forty fiveyears, ethnographic field studies have been carried out in the region. The primary goal of the ethnographic institutions in Omsk is training of ethnologists and anthropologists.
KEYWORDS: ethnography of Siberia, peoples of Siberia, Russian Geographical society, Department of ethnography, school of sciences
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