Beliaeva-Saczuk V. Under the Shade of the two Eagles. Museum Collection of Polish Researchers and Travelers in Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera) of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Veronika A. BELIAEVA-SACHUK — PhD in Ethnology, Polish Ethnological Society (Poland, Poznań,); Centre of Arctic and Siberian research, The Sociological Institute of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Russia, St. Petersburg)
E-mail: belyaeva.veronika@gmail.com

    

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ABSTRACT. The collections of Polish researchers and travelers in Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera) of the Russian Academy of Sciences include ethnographic, anthropological, archaeological and visual photographic materials. Polish scholars contributed to the development of Russian academic studies from the beginning of the nineteenth to the first quarter of the twentieth century, especially in the field of study and exploration of North Asia. This was influenced by the history of interaction between Poland and Russia, as well as the political, social and economic situation in that historical period. Polish researchers can be divided into two groups: exiles and convicts (most often they did not have academic schooling) and researchers who were originally in the service of Russia (usually with a good education received in the territory of the former Poland or Russia). 24 collections with a total of more than 2 200 items were revealed. Most of them are little-known collections. In addition to collections, the Museum's archive contains unique manuscripts of these scholars. Research of all the collections, materials and archives of Polish researchers and travelers in the Museum has great academic value and provides an opportunity for cooperation between Polish and Russian museums and academic institutions, as well as scholars.

KEYWORDS: collections of Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography, Polish researchers, archival materials of Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography, history of ethnography

УДК 069.5:39(470.23-25)
DOI 10.31250/2618-8600-2019-2(4)-151-171

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