Davydov V. N. Strategies of Using the Space and Autonomy Regimes: the Relations of Evenkis and the State in the Northern Baikal
Vladimir N. DAVYDOV — Candidate of social sciences, PhD in Anthropology, Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera), Russian Academy of Sciences (Russia, Saint Petersburg)
ABSTRACT. Evenkis have always lived in places of cultural interactions and contacts. There were practically no places where they would stay in isolation, without relations with their neighbors and the administrative bodies created by the state.This article analyzes the transformation of the mobility of the northern Baikal Evenkis, approaching it as a result of complex interactions occurring in the context of combining different temporalities — specific ways of organizing movements and practices over time(first — related to the mobility of hunters and herders, second — manifested due to the presence of the state). Each institution and social group act withintheir own temporality. An attempt to combine different temporal regimes leads to the emergence of new forms of local people’s mobility. Joint movements with reindeer, as well as environmental knowledge and skills, gave Evenkis the possibility of a long autonomous existence.The emergence of new centers for the redistribution of resources inevitably entailed a change in the strategies employed by Evenkis and affected the change in the degree of their autonomy from the state institutions. As a result of the establishment of a public supply system and the construction of infrastructure, it gradually decreased. Consideration of this process helps to investigate the qualitative changes in the mobility practices of the northern Baikal Evenkis. A distinctive feature of these changes is an increase of the pendulum movements between the intensively used places.
KEYWORDS: mobility, use of space, autonomy, temporality, sedentarization, state, infrastructure, Northern Baikal Evenkis
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