Oktyabrskaya I. V. Novosibirsk Center of Ethnography: the Past and the Present
Irina V. OKTYABRSKAYA — Doctor of Historical Sciences, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch of the RAS (Russia, Novosibirsk)
ABSTRACT. This paper is devoted to the formative years of ethnographic research in humanities at the Institute of History, Philology and Philosophy of the Siberian branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences (IHPP SB AS USSR), which later transformed into the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian branch of RAS (IAET SB RAS). Its basis was formed during the early years of the Siberian Research Center in the 1960s; the guidelines for its development stem from the multifaceted approach to studying Siberian cultures and peoples from ancient to modern times. Initially, ethnographic research at the Siberian branch was an integral part of historic, archaeological, folklore, linguistic, and sociological studies. The Department of Ethnography seceded as a separate entity within IAET SB RAS in 1992. Presently, it combines fundamental and applied studies/ research. Field route maps include different areas of West Siberia, East Siberia, the Transbaikal region, and the Far East. The Department conducts analytical research using a multiparadigmatic approach, relying on modern theories of ethnology, cultural and social anthropology. Some methods of natural science expand the research arsenal of fundamental programs of IAET SB RAS. The subject matter is varied and includes the study of ethnogenesis and ethnic history of Siberian peoples, assessment of demographic processes in Siberian population, comparative analysis of traditional use of natural resources and livelihood systems, assessment of cultural heritage, study of normative cultural dynamics, analysis of modern ethno-social and ethno-religious processes in Siberia, etc.
KEYWORDS: ethnography of Siberia, formative years of ethnographic research in IHPP SB AS USSR, Department of Ethnography at IAET SB RAS, current status of ethnographic research